Unit 1 Study Guide - ANTH 101 Introduction to...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 20 pages.

ANTH 101: Introduction to Anthropology (Winter 2015) EXAM 1 Review Sheet Study suggestions: • Use these terms to find topics and concepts to focus on from the lecture and from the chapters. YOU SHOULD UNDERSTAND THESE KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS Four fields of anthropology and what each focuses on and how they do it Anthropology – studying all aspects of human species including our immediate ancestors, diversity of our species and adaptability are key points of study Socio-cultural : the study of human society and culture through description, analysis and interpretation, cultural similarities and differences o Based on ethnography : technique used in cultural anthropology, long-term field work in one community, participant observation, immersion into local culture Long-term exposure to another culture in order to understand way of life and what is happening Immersing self into culture, something outside of comfort zone o Ethnology: examines, compares, analyzes and interprets the results of ethnography, compares data collected from ethnographies to make generalizations about society and culture o LARGEST field Linguistic: studies language in its social and cultural contexts, across space and over time (history, use, evolution) o Sociolinguistics: social and linguistics variation (gender, SES), etc. Archaeological : reconstructs, describes and interprets human behavior , history, and cultural patterns through material remains (only human subjects) o Excavation is a key method Key aspect of archaeology Systematic digging through soil layers to understand cultural & natural stratigraphy (layers of deposits) Costly, time-consuming, well-planned Fundamental part of archaeology o Inference, human behavior reflected in material culture o About inference because nothing comes out of the ground and tells us what exactly is going on o Excavate  look at materials  inference Biological : Examines human diversity over time and space (5 special interests) o 1. Human evolution revealed through fossil record (paleo-anthropology) o 2. Human genetics o 3. Human growth and development o 4. Biological plasticity (how our body changes in responses to environmental stresses) o 5. Non-human primates evolution and behavior Origins of North American Anthropology Roots are 19 th century attempts to understand Native North Americans All aspects of cultural development
Relationship between culture and biology Checkered past Each subfield examines variation over time and space and the interrelations of biology, society, and culture Anthropology is not always good, has had bad effects before Ethnography and what it involves (unique research strategy) Ethnography – fieldwork in a particular cultural setting o Is a lot of hanging out with people, trying to be completely immersed in a culture in order to gain insight Various techniques o Participant observation o Interviews Questionnaires vs. interview schedule Leading questions, biases, agenda o Genealogical method

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture