Ancient Greece Notes - crete Large Mediterranean island...

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crete Large Mediterranean island southeast of the Greek peninsula that was home to the Minoans. Minoan Non-Greek inhabitants. Named after the King Minos. Thera Island/ Volcano that erupted. Could be the lost city of Atlantis. Achaeans Same as Mycenaeans. Minoans taught then to write: Linear B. Aggressive and war-like people. Took over the Minoans. Mycenae Achaean citadel. Home to Agamemnon. Post and lentil system. Enclosed by the cyclopean wall. Minos King of Crete. Picked children to be sent to the Minotaur every 9 years. After his death he became the Judge of the Dead in the underworld. Sir Arthur Evans The archaeologist who unearthed the ruins of Knossos, Crete's leading city, in 1900. Father of Minoan Archaeology Coined term Minoan after Greek Myth of King Minos Theseus slayed the Minotaur
Knossos Minoan capital city Thalassocracy A Marritime empire, an empire that ruled over the sea, main army Navy. Linear A Script used by the Minoans. Linear B Script used by the Mycenaean (Achaeans). Adopted from Linear A. Tholos Round tomb. Peloponnesus Greek island. Contained Sparta & Athens Troy city in the epic Illiad by Homer. Also the location of the Trojan War, where Helen was abducted and Agnememnon sent troops to retreive her. Modern day Turkey Schliemann German archeologist that discovered Troy and tombs at Mycenae. Homer Blind poet and author of Iliad and Odyssey The Iliad Told of Achillies and the war of Troy Odyssey Homer's epic poem about Odysseus's return home after the Trojan War. Agamemnon
King of Mycenae. Commander-in-chief of the Greeks at Troy. Gold funeral mask. Achilles Greek hero of the Trojan War, the central character and the greatest warrior of Homer'sIliad. Odysseus was a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and a hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey . Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other works in that same Epic Cycle. Ajax Great Ajax, Telamonian Ajax Greatest in Battle next to Achilles one of three that went to get Achilles back killed himself by falling on his sword Menelaus King of Mycaean Sparta. Husband of Helen. Central figure in the Battle of Troy. Helen Wife of Menelaus Kidnapped by Paris and Aphrodite Cause of Trojan war Hector Trojan prince. Dorians A Greek Speaking people that according to tradition. Migrated to mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenean Civilization. Plain Pillars Ionia
When the Dorians invaded the Greeks, the Greeks crossed the Aegean sea and went to Ionia. Birthplace of Homer. Polis A Greek city-state. Hellas/Hellenes Greeks don't call themselves Greeks they call themselves Hellenes. Hellenes = Greeks Hellas = Greece Olympia Chief center of worship for Zeus. Olympics Greek heroes battled in peace for athletic competitions Every four years beginning in 776 BC 5 days long *pentathlon* Prize was arete (honor and fame) and olive wreath Held to honor gods Phayllus, Milo, and Theagenes Great Olympic athletes.

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