PHIL 100 - Second Treatise of Government (1)

PHIL 100 - Second Treatise of Government (1) - Darius...

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Darius Callier Richard K Matthews POLS 100 31 January 2008 Of Civil Government: Book II Aristotle – the natural end of all individuals is to belong to a political community. John Locke – philosopher, physician (1632-1704) Locke first attacks the divine right of kings. Locke argues that Adam had no natural right to paternal power. Locke intends to separate power from political power. Political power is a right of making laws with penalties of death. Political power encompasses ‘the regulating and preserving of property, and of employing the force of the community, in the execution of such laws, and in the defense of the common-wealth from foreign injury; and all this only for the public good.’ Of the State of Nature All men are naturally in a state of natural freedom ‘to order their actions, and dispose of their possession and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature, without asking leave, or depending upon the will of any other man.’ Men also exist in a
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PHIL 100 - Second Treatise of Government (1) - Darius...

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