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Unformatted text preview: Full Record Five Study Guide for Quiz • LTM is fundamental to nearly every mental process, to almost every act of cognition. • LTM is now widely viewed as a multicomponent storage system • Declarative (or Explicit) Memory- Long-term memory knowledge that can be retrieved and reflected on consciously- A by-product of retrieving such knowledge is that we are consciously aware of it- Conscious awareness and can be verbalized- Potentially reportable- Consists of two parts: 1. Episodic Memory 2. Semantic Memory • Nondeclarative (or Implicit) Memory- Knowledge that can influence thought and behavior without any necessary involvement of conscious awareness- No conscious awareness and cannot be verbalized- Not potentially reportable- Includes priming and procedural or motor learning • The key to the distinction between declarative and nondeclarative memory is the conscious awareness part – one has it (declarative) and the other one does not (nondeclarative). • Episodic Memory- A person’s autobiographical memory, memory of the personally experienced and remembered events of a lifetime- What is your mother’s maiden name?- Mental autobiography- Involves explicit knowledge to become consciously aware of it • Semantic Memory- General world knowledge, knowledge that relates concepts and ideas to one another; including your knowledge of how to express those concepts and ideas in language- What is a maiden name?...
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- Spring '08
- Long-Term Memory, conscious awareness, Peg Word Mnemonic, Formal mnemonic devices