CHAPTER 4 NOTES

CHAPTER 4 NOTES - CHAPTER 4 ALKANES INTRODUCTION IUPAC...

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CHAPTER 4 ALKANES - - INTRODUCTION H H IUPAC NOMENCLATURE - - ALKANES - - HALOALKANES - - ALCOHOLS - - CYCLOALKANES : MONOCYCLIC BICYCLIC - - ALKENES, CYCLOALKENES - - ALKYNES H H PHYSICAL PROPERTIES H H CONFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS H H CYCLOALKANES : RING STRAIN H H CYCLOHEXANE(S) H H DECALIN H H SYNTHESIS OF ALKANES H H REACTIONS OF ALKANES H H INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC SYNTHESIS INTRODUCTION - - GENERAL FORMULA : C n H 2 n + 2 (CYCLOALKANE : C n H ? ) - - HOMOLOGOUS SERIES C C C C C C NOT: ,
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cf. FORMULAS : CH 4 C 2 H 6 C 3 H ? C 4 H ? C ? H ? - - DIFFER FROM NEIGHBORS BY >CH 2 >CH 2 : METHYLENE ” GROUP - - SOURCES: PETROLEUM SEE TABLE 4.1 p 136 - - SHAPES: DEPEND ON C – SKELETON - - EFFECTS ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES - - SEE TABLE 4.2 p. 139 IUPAC NOMENCLATURE - - EACH DIFFERENT COMPOUND MUST HAVE A UNIQUE NAME - - RULES FOR NOMENCLATURE - - ALKANES : USE RULES p. 141 – 145 C C C C C C UNBRANCHED C C C C C C BRANCHED
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- - HALO ALKANES : SEE p. 145 Br Cl F
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- - ALCOHOLS : SEE p. 146 - 147 ALKAN OL - - CYCLO ALKANES : SEE p. 147 – 149 - - MONO CYCLIC - - BI CYCLIC OH OH OH OH Cl Cl I OH Br
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- ALK ENES & CYCLO ALK ENES : SEE p. 150 – 151 - - ALK YNES : SEE p. 152 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES - - C 1 – C 4 : GASES ( AT R.T. ) - - C 5 – C 17 : ? -
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course CHEM 2370 taught by Professor Dandekar during the Fall '07 term at North Texas.

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CHAPTER 4 NOTES - CHAPTER 4 ALKANES INTRODUCTION IUPAC...

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