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CHAPTER 4 OBJECTIVES

CHAPTER 4 OBJECTIVES - CHEM 2370 CHAPTER 4 OBJECTIVES...

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CHEM 2370 OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 4 ALKANES AND CYCLOALKANES TERMS : Know definitions, gives examples, explain briefly 1. 1 o , 2 o , 3 o hydrogen atoms 2. Conformations: eclipsed, staggered 3. Anti- and Gauche- conformations 4. Conformational Analysis 5. Preferred conformations 6. Ring strain 7. Angle strain 8. Torsional strain 9. Puckered, planar conformations 10. Axial, equatorial bonds 11. Ring flip 12. Catalytic hydrogenation 13. Retrosynthetic Analysis 14. Retrosynthetic arrows KNOW HOW TO: 1. Name alkanes, alcohols, alkyl halides, alkenes, alkynes, cycloalkanes, bicyclic compounds, straight chain and branched chain alkyl groups, from given structural formulas; write structural formulas corresponding to given names. 2. Classify hydrogen atoms as 1 o , 2 o , 3 o hydrogen atoms. 3. Explain why alkanes have low boiling points. Predict relative B.P.s of branched and unbranched alkanes of similar molecular weight. 4. Draw Newman projection formulas and Sawhorse formulas for all possible eclipsed and staggered conformations of ethane, propane, butane, etc.
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