CHAPTER 18 - CHAPTER 18 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS &...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 18 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS & DERIVATIVES-- INTRODUCTION, NOMENCLATURE, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES-- SYNTHESIS OF: RCO 2 H & DERIVATIVES-- REACTIONS OF: ACIDS & DERIVATIVES-- HELL-VOLHARD-ZELINSKI REACTION-- DERIVATIVES OF H 2 CO 3-- DECARBOXYLATION OF RCO 2 H-- CHEMICAL ANALYSES INTRODUCTION:-- CARBOXYLIC ACIDS: RCO 2 H-- DERIVATIVES:-- SEE TABLE 18.1 p. 811-- COMMON FEATURES ? NOMENCLATURE:-- CARBOXYLIC ACIDS : ALKAN OIC ACID-- SEE TABLE 18.2 p. 812-- SALTS : e.g. R CO 2 Na + (K + )-- SODIUM ALKAN OATE-- DO PROBLEM : 18.1 p. 813-- DI CARBOXYLIC ACIDS-- ALKANE DI OIC ACIDS-- SEE TABLE 18.3 p. 815 R C OH O-- ESTERS : NAME: ALKYL ALKANOATE-- SEE TABLE 18.4 p. 816 -- ACID ANHYDRIDES : ALKANOIC ANHYDRIDE ( p. 816 )-- ACYL HALIDES : ALKANOYL HALIDE-- SEE e.g. p. 816 -- AMIDES : R C O R' O ALKANOATE ALKYL R O R O O R C X O ALKANAMIDE-- N SUBSTITUTED AMIDES N ALKYL ALKANAMIDE N,N DI ALKYL ALKANAMIDE e.g. DMF ( ? )-- NITRILES: R C N ALKANE NITRILE-- IF CN IS A SUBSTITUENT : CYANO R C N H 2 O R C N O R' H R C N O R' R" DO PROBLEM : 18.5 p. 817 18.20 p. 858 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES:-- SEE TABLES 18.2 , 18.3 , 18.4-- EXAMINE TRENDS IN: M.P. , B.P. , WATER SOLUBILITY , pKa , etc. DO PROBLEMS : 18.2 , 18.3 , 18.4-- B.P. OF RCO X & RCO- O- COR-- SIMILAR TO: RCO 2 R ( WITH COMPARABLE MW )-- AMIDES: DEPENDS ON WHETHER PROTIC / APROTIC ( p. 817 ) SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES...
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CHAPTER 18 - CHAPTER 18 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS &...

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