Social Structure 18:52 Status- a position that a person occupies in a social structure Ascribed- given at birth or w/o choice Achieved- based on individual effort Status symbol- clues about someone’s social status Often objects but not always Ex: wedding ring for marriage. Uniform for police officer Master status-the status other deem most telling about an individual Ex: students see a female professor as a woman prof rather than just a prof. Gender is her master status Roles- set of expectations associated with a particular status Ex: teacher is expected to teach Role strain- tensions from the roles of a particular status Ex: a parent shopping, cooking, washing clothes, taking care of kids. Status inconsistency- when an individual occupies multiple statuses that in combination do not mesh with social expectations Ex: when someone with an ascribed status achieves an inconsistent status, like an old man going back to school Role conflict- demands of roles associated with different statuses clash Ex: trying to play two roles will cause trouble i.e. judge and father, lover and babysitter Groups: one or more persons, sense of identity and interactions Primary- a small number of people, direct contact between members Ex: family, bible study group, best friends Secondary- more formal and impersonal, groups that come together for a task, highly structure Ex: College class, city, corporations
Social Institutions 18:52 Social institutions- an accepted or persistent constellation of statuses, roles, values, and norms that respond important societal needs, set of ideas about the proper response to an important societal problem, building blocks that organize Ex: family, economy, religion, law, politics, military Society- the totality of people and social relations in a given geographic space Ex: united states, Canada Societal Needs- have a continuous supply of new members, socializing members, control members, defend against enemies, produce and exchange goods. Needs met by social institutions- same as societal needs I think The Nature of social institutions- a. Institutions are generally unplanned, they develop gradually b. Institutions are inherently conservative, the change but slowly c. Interdependent, change in one institutions tends to change others d. Statuses, roles, values, and norms of one institution bare little resemblance to those in another society
Socialization 18:52 Socialization- process through which one learns how to act according to the rules and expectations of a particular society. Acquire cultural competency Ex: nature versus nurture. Nurture= socialization Agents of socialization- groups in which socialization takes place Ex: parents, coaches, military, schools, peers, media
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 9 pages?