Ancient Greece Apr 2 Exam 3

Ancient Greece Apr 2 Exam 3 - Ancient Greece PELOPONNSIAN...

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Ancient Greece Apr 2 Exam 3 PELOPONNSIAN WAR First major war between Western Powers Great war between Athens and Sparta Alters Greek history more than Persian ward Major “what if” moment o What if the Persians had won? 1 st major war between western powers (Athens v. Sparta) Key Dates Conflict of 60 years 461- 446 > 1 st Peloponnesian war o Cause: Athens is developing navy , her finical resources, her trade abroad, and she’s becoming more powerful o Corinth is the other great naval power Corinth is annoyed by Athens; they feel that the Athenians are infringing upon their own interests Spartan ally o Little direct conflict between Sparta and Athens o Battle of Tanagra Only real major battle Located just north of Athens Only time when Spartans and Athenians face each other on a battle field 446 - # of Athenian allies revolt o Ends the Peloponnesian war o Forces Athens to come to terms of peace 446- 431 > 30 years peace treaty o Only lasted 15 years o Brings an end to the conflict
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o Didn’t provide a permanent solution o Sparta recognizes the Athenian empire in this treaty o Splits the Greek world between 2 camps There’s a list in the document with which side is allied with which side Violation of treaty: neither side can have an ally jump sides Neither shall attack one another or it’s allies 431- 421 : The Archidamian War o Key events plague at Athens death of Pericles (429) revolt of Mytilene (427) Battles of Pylos and Sphacteria (425) Amphipolis (424/3) Thucydides loses the city of Amphipolis o Archidamus is king of Sparta and he first invades Athens 421-413 Peace of Nicias o Ends the archidamian war o All major Spartan allies refuse to sign Problem when it comes to enforcement o Seeks to return the Greek world to the status quo 415: annilation of Melos by Athens 415-413: Sicilian expedition o Thucydides called this “An Athenian failure” because of hybris (arrogance) o Athenian fleet met its death o Lost 200 ships o Too arrogant 412-403: Ionian or Decelae War
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o Last stages of the war o Called the Ionian war because Most of the actual conflict takes place in Ionia. Means that the great king of Persia will be involved. o
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Ancient Greece Apr 2 Exam 3 - Ancient Greece PELOPONNSIAN...

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