Ancient Greece Mar 26 Exam 3

Ancient Greece Mar 26 Exam 3 - Ancient Greece SOPHOCLEUS...

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Ancient Greece Mar 26 Exam 3 SOPHOCLEUS Life Athenians thought he was their greatest playwright Aristotle said that the greatest form of tragedy was sophoclean tragedy Born around 480s or 470s Died in 406 BC (same year as Euripides) Worshiped as a cult hero (after his death): Dexion was his name Entered 25 dramatic competitions o Came in 1 st 21 times and never got last Body of Work 7 plays survived Theban cycle (3 plays ) o Not a trilogy o Oedipus Tyrrans (Oedipus the King) o Oedipus at Colonus Performed after Sophocles died in 402 BC and still won 1 st prize o Antigone 441/440 – 1 st performed Political and historical events at Athens during that time Ajax o Concerns Trojan hero, Ajax Takes place after the Iliad ends o After Achilles died, his armor is put up as a prize o Odysseus tricks the audience into giving him the armor o Ajax in horribly upset and slaughters a herd of sheep Thinks the sheep are Agamemnon, Odysseus, and Melayon
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Humiliated himself It becomes clear that he is no longer honorable to army Kill himself after he realizes this o Sophrosyne “moderation” “self-restraint” Virtue that all Athenians thrive
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