This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Ancient Greece Mar 5 Exam 3 THE LIFE IN SPARTA The problem in Thermopylae Lost in the Battle of Thermopylae o Spartans consider this to be their finest moment Interesting because the Spartans lost o All other think their finest hour was when they won Sparta South eastern Peloponnese o Mount Taygetus ( natural boundaries) Where the Spartan youths go to learn how to fight When babies dont pass inspection, they are tossed off a cliff on Mt. Taygetus o Rugged, fertile, and enclosed by mountains o Prehistory: Trojan war: Helen married Menaleus and her sister, Clytemnestra, marries Agamemnon, his brother. In stone, Agamemnon is stabbing Clytemnestra Menaleus is rubbing Helens back Heracles - ancestor of the kings of Sparta in classical times The Dorians are supposedly the sons of Heracles All Spartans claim decent from Heracles (esp the kings) Menelaion the palace in Mycenaean times On a hill Surrounded by Mt. Taygetus Mycenaean civilization disappears from Sparta Renaissance will happen as the rest of Greece emerges from the dark ages 715 BC Sparta begins to conquer the rest of the Southern Peloponnese o 755-715: first Messenian war Spartans crossed chain of mountains into Messenia and subjugated entire population Key moment in Sparta history Enslave (helot = slave) the people of Messenia o Sparta has to keep these helots under control 7-10 helots to- 1 Spartan Sizeable threat to the Spartans Why do they want Messenia if its so large? Messenia is even more fertile that Laconia o Conquest of Helots Makes Sparta one of the first slave populations They become totally dependant on these slaves Without the helots, Spartan economy is in tatters When Sparta falls in 4 th C BC, its because the helots have been...
View Full Document
- Spring '07