Ancient Greece Mar 17 Exam 3

Ancient Greece Mar 17 Exam 3 - Ancient Greece LIFE IN...

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Ancient Greece Mar 17 Exam 3 LIFE IN ATHENS Prehistory A Mycenaean settlement with a Mycenean palace Only Mycenaean settlement in Greece who remained entirely settled in the dark ages o Athens is the only continuously settled city-state that we’ll talk about Autochthony “being born from the earth” o Trait of Athens o Meaning you are not an immigrant o You are born from the soil o Means = we, Athenians, have the right to this land in Attica and no one else does o Strong sense of identity Not affected by many migrations You can get from north Greece to south Greece without coming close to Athens Ionia – Trait of Athens o Western coast of Asia minor o Ionian revolt caused the Persian war o Athenians claim they send out colonist to Ionia in the dark ages o Athenian identity themselves as this o Ionians (Athens) Vs. Dorians (Sparta) Synoecism of Theseus -- Trait of Athens o Historical event o Thesus – Mycenean king of Athens o Greek = to combine one’s houses o Athens took control of all little towns of Attica o Athens is now the center of the government o Everyone who lives in Attica looks to Athens as their power Key Developments
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594 BC: reforms of Solon: rights and political participation of citizens based on economic criteria, class mobility possible o In context of class warfare (rich vs. poor) o 4 class system based on income Each class get certain political participation depending on how high up they are 510 BC: expulsion of Peisistratids o Tyrants expelled from Athens by the Spartans o helped growth of democracy even though they were tyrants shared power among other aristocratic families Gave the people lots of rights 508 BC: reforms of Cleisthenes : citizenship (demes and tribal reform, ostracism) and Council of 500 o Athenian aristocrat o Athenian democrat (father of Athenian democracy) o Ostracism – Athenians get together in assembly every year and expel a politician if they feel he has grown too strong or they feel that there is a political struggle (minor reform) Can remove people who are threats to democracy If they ostracize one of two politicians running for office, they will have decided which direction the Athenian government will go If ostracized, you are expelled from 10 years. You don’t lose your land and you can come back after 10 years o Council of 500 (minor reform) Selected by lot Makes process more democratic People were likely to participate in council o Demes and tribal reform (major reform) Most prominent reform 4 tribes in Athens Each tribe holds power in specific area
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o Coast, plain, hills, city
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Ancient Greece Mar 17 Exam 3 - Ancient Greece LIFE IN...

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