Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2

Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2 - Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2...

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Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2 GREEK RELIGIOM AND RATIONALISM Greek Civic Religion Not individual religion Civic Religion -Characteristic of religion Have to worship god of your polis Polytheistic – “more than one god” -- Characteristic of religion o 12 Olympians o Anthropomorphic -- Characteristic of religion Tale on the form of men They look like and have the same thoughts and emotions as men do There’s no room for atheism Everyone is involved in the religious festivals o Sense of community An exercise in the common good o Specialized knowledge is not required o Anyone can pretty much go into a temple and worship a god Goals Practical goals -pragmatic o you want something here and now when you praise a god “I give so that you may give” - Do et des o One builds a temple so that the god may return the favor o It is seen as beneficial to both Exceptions to civic religion o Mystery religions
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Piety o Behavior at all times must be in accordance with and sacred law o Violation of sacred spaces Brings a certain cloud above the violators head and upon the whole community Curse of the Alcmaeonidae 632 BC Prominent Athenian aristocratic family Attempted to establish tyranny in Athens; would be tyrants take refuge in a temple on the acropolis The Alcmaeonidae promise these men safety, but bring them out of the temple and kill them Violated goddess Athens’s protecting of these man Brings a curse on the entire city They are all expelled so they don’t bring more harm to the city Later they come back, and get expelled again for the exact same reason Temples and Alters Temenos – “sanctuary” o Holy ground set aside for a god Not necessarily a temple there o Ex: Olympia and Delphi o Site of worship o Most sanctuaries have an alter and a temple
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o Alters tend to be dedications by aristocrats o Open air sanctuaries Outside of the temple Alters tend to be out in the open air as well
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Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2 - Ancient Greece Feb 22 Exam 2...

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