Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4

Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4 - Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4...

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Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4 THE AFTERMATH OF WAR: GREECE IN DECLINE? Aftermath in Athens Revolutionary Coup (“Thirty Tyrants”) o Transformation from democracy to oligarchy under this group of men o Takes place in April 404 o Abolished jury system (main democratic feature of Athenian democracy) o Abolished pay for jurors and pay for attending the assembly Privileged the wealthy o Offices are no longer chosen by lot Boule of 500 is now chosen directly by the 30 tyrants o Metics are expelled o men who are opposed to the “thirty” have their names put on a list and whoever kills them gets their property; about 1400 Athenians are killed this way o Rein of terror o Lysander – leader of Sparta Defeated the Athenians o Rebellion January 403 – begins May 403 – rebels are strong enough to attack the Piraeus and win The Thirty Tyrants fall in September 403 and democracy is brought back o Any member of any class can hold any office Trial and Death of Socrates o Doesn’t have classical Greek image we are use to o Socrates: (469 – 399), citizen and critic He seems poor, but he wasn’t Fairly involved in Athenian political life
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Served as a hoplite in Peloponnesian Wars which means that he was at least middle class Served as Boule/ Council of 500 – Selection by lot from a pre-elected pool; has some political respect among political Athenian citizens Begins to provoke Athenians animosity against him 406/5: battle of Arginusae Athenians beat the Spartan fleet but a storm comes up during the battle and a number of Athenian fleets are sunk and the sailors on those ships drown o Athenians are outraged even though they won the battle Socrates presides over trial in the assembly (b/c it is his turn as Boule) Should men die for abandoning sailors or be spared? o Socrates refuses to propose question because he feels that the trial should be illegal o They have to come back the next day and perform the trial all over again View of democracy Best way to govern in through men who have been educated to govern Through classical philosophy In support of oligarchy/aristocracy Thinks the government of Sparta is great Socrates’ friends: Alcibiades – betrayed Athenians in the last years of the Peloponnesian Wars
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course CC 31915 taught by Professor Beaulieu during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4 - Ancient Greece Apr 9 Exam 4...

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