Ancient Greece Jan 30 - Ancient Greece Jan 30 Exam 1 Book...

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Ancient Greece Jan 30 Exam 1 Book 16: Deaths of Sarpedon and Patroclus Patrocleus sees what’s going on with all the Greek heroes getting wounded. Agememnon and Diomedes get hurt; Ajax is still in war. Takes pity on them and goes back to Achilles if he’ll come back. But Achilles is still angry and cant bring himself to do it. o Patrocleus wears Achilles’ armor and drives the Trojans back, but gets killed by Hector. 2 death scenes in this book: o Patrocleus kills Sarpedon Shifts scene to Olympus to see a different view on this death Zeus contemplates on intervening but decides not to o Hector kills Patrocleus pathos : Zeus’ tears (16.493), apostrophe (16.789, 826-29, 852-53 ) Zeus has the pain of seeing his child die o Zeus’ tears →tears of blood; increases the pathos in the scene Personifies sleep and death to carry away Sarpedon’s body so it isn’t caught in the middle of battle. Apostrophe: directly addressing someone in the story. Homer breaks into the story and starts addressing Patrocleus (telling him of foreseeing his death) Both deaths build to a heightened sense of pathos. Role of the gods in their deaths and elsewhere: Anthropomorphism: are the gods like humans? yes, but: Humanlike but they get fickle, jealous, angry … have a human kind of emotion; o They are not completely like humans; of course, they are not going to die. consequences of immortality (cf. Sarpedon’s speech (12.320ff.)) light moments: Hera’s deception of Zeus (book 14) Mortal vs. immortal o Fundamental and quality that separates them in human form
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o Mortal Immortality: Glory from the battle. They will live forever in people’s memory. You get honor as a hero by doing a lot of fighting. o Best way to live is to seek glory since they are going to die anyways Humans do have to die. o Affects the way we choose to live our lives. Gods don’t have that problem o Zeus doesn’t want to see his son die o They don’t have the same consequences that mortals do; they wont die. God’s fighting: o Books 5: Diamedes fights against some of the gods w/ Athena’s help. Scene become comical as the gods yelp in pain because it’s not as serious as the
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course CC 31915 taught by Professor Beaulieu during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Ancient Greece Jan 30 - Ancient Greece Jan 30 Exam 1 Book...

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