Lecture 2 - HIS 4C Lecture 2 French Revolution II Terms Tennis Court Oath Bastille Great Fear Cahiers de Doleances Padua Circular Girondins Estates

Lecture 2 - HIS 4C Lecture 2 French Revolution II Terms...

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HIS 4C Lecture 2- French Revolution II Terms Tennis Court Oath Bastille Great Fear Cahiers de Doleances Padua Circular Girondins Estates General Louis XVI had called Estates General to seem like he was consulting\find a way out of financial crisis Ideas of Enlightenment thought were too far out of the bottle, influenced both 3 rd estate and nobles Did not predict violence or direction of the French Revolution, different\competing understandings of same ideas led to violence as did menacing international situation Interpretation of ideas cause violence, not ideas themselves Realized that he would have to give in to some demands but does not, radicals take power and advocate full representation While Estates General convened, situation began to change, affected outcome Louis\crown stopped paying interest payments on debt, would lead to bankruptcy No further doubts about financial situation in the country, something had to be done Many angry about Louis calling notables instead of others but tax system\privileges that was the focal problem at the Estates General, not despotism May 1789, Estates General meet, still unclear how it would proceed, connected to enlightenment ideas\political representation
Formerly voted by estate\bloc but could not do this again due to state bankruptcy, vote by order= could not get abolition of privileges that it needed Nobles would not vote to tax themselves, clergy as well, made up majority of votes together Have to vote by head if you want to pass financial reform, Louis XVI did not decide regarding how voting would work 3 rd Estate= vote by head, would predominate 1 st \2 nd Estate= vote by estate All three estates hoped king would back them, all opposed to monarchy in some way but not a democratic revolution All want different things, all incompatible with each other Oligarchic revolution would have happened had 1 st \2 nd estate got their way, Louis remains as a weak\limited king Louis needed to act\take control of situation by force May 5 th , 1789 Crown lacked a program for it as Estates opened Emphasized separateness of orders, angered 3 rd Estate and Louis loses his initiative All three orders meet separately, individual\rational paramount now 3 rd Estate meets publically, strengthens French population’s view= represents nation Conciliatory conferences attempted but do not reconcile, nobles\commoners hate each other Abbe Sieyes influential, 3 rd Estates plan to split from Estates General June 17, Third Estate adopted his motion= declares itself National Assembly, vote by head, invite other estates to join

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