Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Terms Taino Early European Exploration Pre-Columbus Spain successful in Reconquista aggressively Christianized nation expelled

Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Terms Taino Early European...

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Lecture 2 Terms Taino Early European Exploration Pre-Columbus Spain successful in Reconquista, aggressively Christianized nation, expelled Jews\Muslims who would not convert Same mindset arrives in Americas as well Portugal in 15 th century, turning point for Portugal\Europe as a whole due to Portugal’s action Political\economic turmoil followed by stability by about 1430s Crown wants more power\money\authority Isolated in Western Europe, no access to continent of Europe or Mediterranean Sea (center of European world until 1492) to eastern markets in Ottoman Empire Turn to south\west, start naval explorations in North\West\West-Central Africa Cape Bojador rounded, Cape Verde a decade later, a decade after= Sierra Leone discovered by Portuguese Windward Coast\Ivory Coast\Gold Coast are places of trade 1480s= encounter kingdom of the Congo Why did this happen? Geographically\economically isolated, wanted to find new trading partners Want gold, ivory, textiles (in Ghana, superior\different cotton cloth from European cloth), spices (pepper, different\better than European pepper), dyes (purple\blue) Portuguese don’t have much to offer, mostly iron (African blacksmiths as\more talented than European blacksmiths but iron rarer in this part of Africa compared to Europe) Portuguese have guns too, Africans do not but this makes little difference Slave trade not dominant feature of European\African trade in this area until second half of 17 th century
Some Europeans do trade slaves in Sierra Leone\Cape Verde, less in Congo from very beginning Gold more valuable than slaves but do slave raiding\trading, want to exchange them for gold not as chattel laborers Brazil not known by Portugal, would later find it\grow sugar with slave labor

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