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Bio 235 - Midterm 1_ Version D.pdf - Bio 235 - Midterm 1:...

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Unformatted text preview: Bio 235 - Midterm 1: Version D This was all I was able to write down while doing my exam. Unfortunately I do not have all the answers so it's a great tool to help you study and be more successful while writing your exam. This is exactly what was on my exam, although they could be changing the exam questions frequently. I recommend following the Wileyplus questions and trying different study resources. It is best to do application based questions as it is a lot of application and not so much definition and function questions. Good luck! :) ● What is included in physiology studies - not including anatomy (types of functions in body) ● Metabolism of cells - which organization structure ● Feedback loop (example given and asked to pick what is not included) (Blood plasma increased, pituitary gland stimulates ADH to lower blood plasma) ● What is not found in the abdominal cavity (A:Diaphragm) ● Chemical bonds formed between the atoms in a water molecule are called (A:Hydrogen bonds) ● Characteristics of anabolism ● Hydrophilic solutes and their response in how easily they dissolve in water ● Function of DNA ● An enzyme acts to (A:lower the activation energy for reactions) ● 3 main components of lipid bilayer (phospholipids, cholesterol, and glycolipids) ● Plasma membrane protein explanation ● Facilitated diffusion explanation (how it functions - example given) ● If the solute concentration is greater inside the cell than outside water will move by osmosis (A:into the cell) ● Cytoskeleton (definition/ characteristics of it) ● Organelles that contain protease and are responsible for damage of protein (A: lysosomes) ● Anaphase description (know the characteristics- opposite ends of the pole) ● Cell junctions that link cells to each other (all except) (A:gap junction) ● Epithelium that lines respiratory tract and fallopian tubes (A: simple columnar epithelium) ● Keratin in tissues (characteristics/function) ● Extracellular matrix composed of (A: protein and ground substance) ● Connective tissue (characteristics) ● Types of muscle tissue alike: cardiac and skeletal (compare/contrast) ● Layer of skin not present in thin skin (A: Lucidum) ● Nail matrix (know where it is- label diagram) ● What absorbs best into skin via transdermal delivery (what vitamins/chemicals would be most efficient to absorb into skin through transdermal delivery) ● Facts on burns (A: can cause shock) ● Development of bone cells in sequence (A: osteoclasts, osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblast, osteocyte) ● What lines medullary cavity (A: Endosteum) ● Relationship between bones and nerves (do bones have nerves, where to find them) ● Endochondral ossification events in order ● If a bone grows in diameter, which tissue/cell begins the growth process ● Bony callus formation ● Why are adult long bones curves (A: weight distribution) ● What allows blood vessels/ nerves to penetrate bone ● Foramen magnum (label diagram anterior view) ● Hyoid bone (facts) ● Which vertebral column is developed as infants that is used to walk and stand (A: Cervical) ● Structural elements of thoracic cavity (bones includes) (A: thoracic vertebrae, the twelve pairs of ribs, and the sternum.) ● What is the Scapular notch used for ● Correct sequence of bones in the upper limb from proximal to distal ● Deltoid tuberosity of humerus is found where ● Distal feature of humerus articulates with proximal head of radius (capitulum, radial fossa, trochlea) ● Phalanges in hand (facts about them) ● Ischium (facts about) ● Femur attachment points for muscle/tendon) (A: Gluteal tuberosity/ aspera linea) ● Parietal bones of the skull joint type (immoveable) ● Fusion of two separate bones called (A: synostosis) ● Articulations between adjacent vertebrae are called (A: symphysis) ● Bone diagram of upper limbs (bone articulation- label diagram) ● Types of movement- label diagram of different types ● Walking downhill when the knee is flexed, which structure prevents the tibia from sliding too far posteriorly and the femur from sliding too far anteriorly? ● Different muscle tissues differ from each other by (characteristicsstriated/appearance) ● Somatic motor neurons (characteristics) ● What causes muscle fatigue ● Skeletal muscle fibre a weight lifting olympian would use to enhance their weight lifting power ● Smooth muscles do not have striate like skeletal and cardiac cells because ● Extracellular matrix of connective tissue consists of ...
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