History Notes 2

History Notes 2 - Ya ETHE REVOLUTION PART 2 The Republican...

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Unformatted text preview: Ya ETHE REVOLUTION, PART 2: The Republican Experiment Some Questions • How revolutionary was the American Revolution? Was it really a “revolution?” • What was meant by “the united states of America?” • How do we make it work? Some Terms • Democracy Republic Federalism Faction Tyranny Anarchy Virtue Independence Was this a “revolution” or just a war for independence? Was there…. Political Revolution? End of monarchy Social Revolution? Theories and Influences • Locke o Natural rights and the contract theory • Paine o Government = a necessary evil Montesquieu Separation of powers Small republics/beware of power too far removed from the people STATE GOVERNMENTS: The Blueprints • Features o A written constitution o Limited and separated powers Legislative branch = most important and powerful Representation = actual, not virtual Executive powers greatly limited The articles of Confederation • Our first national constitution • Jealously guarded the rights of the states • Created a weak central government o Unicameral congress o Each state = 1 vote o No independent executive or judiciary; president chosen by congress annually o A loose of confederation of independent Republics ****test!!!*** The nation under the articles of confederation • Northwest Ordinance of 1787 o Dealt with the “Northwest Territories” – Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Mishigan, Wisconsin o Defined the process of statehood o Outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory Threats to the Nation o Foreign Threats o British troops in US territory o Spain and the Mississippi River Newburgh Conspiracy, 1783 o Creditors and army officers threatened Congress/ the Revolution Shay’s Rebellion, 1786 o Tax and debt rebellion in western Massachusetts o The final straw for nationalists THE PHILADELPHIA CONVENTION o MOTICATIONS o Fear of anarchy/ dissolution of the union o Necessity for a strong central government ISSUES o Revise the Articles or write a new document? o Representation o The Virginia Plan v. the New Jersey Plan Power of the federal government Slavery o THE ANSWERS: THE CONSTITUTION o James Madison Chief architect of the Constitution Representation The Great Compromise The Federal Government Separation of Powers; Checks and Balances o Legislative – law making o Independent Executive – veto, treaty making, and appointive o Judicial review Slavery A matter for the states 3/5 Rule Foreign slave trade FEDERALIST V. ANTI-FEDERALIST o Federalist o Favored constitution…strong central government o The Federalist Papers Anti-Federalists Opposed ratification Highly suspicious of centralized government Anti-federalist “legacy” RESULTS OF THE REVOLUTION • Independence • Political Revolution o End of monarchy; creation of a republic o Extension of voting rights Social Revolution End of European-style privileged society Separation of church and state The promise of liberty and equality (if not the reality) THE PRESIDENCY OF GEORGE WASHIGHTON...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST 2113 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at LeTourneau.

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History Notes 2 - Ya ETHE REVOLUTION PART 2 The Republican...

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