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THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING

THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING - rampant alcohol abuse •Lyman...

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THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING R E V I V A L S ON THE SOUTHERN FRONTIER IN NEW ENGLAND Large, emotional camp meetings •Challenging Unitarianism •The birth of the southern “bible belt” •“New Haven Theology”: a reformed Calvinism THE BURNED-OVER DISTRICT Western New York, Eastern Ohio •Charles Finney & “Free-Will Theology” -Rochester revival, 1831 -Inspired numerous evangelists and movements NEW DENOMINATIONS The Restoration Churches -Church of Christ; Disciples of Christ •The Adventist movement •The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) UTOPIAN MOVEMENTS The Shakers •The Oneida Movement TRANSCENDENTALISM •American intellectual movement •Celebrate the individual; transcend the limits of reason •Emerson, Thoreau, Margaret Fuller R E L I G I O N R E F O R M TEMPERANCE Confronting the problem of
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Unformatted text preview: rampant alcohol abuse •Lyman Beecher & the American Temperance Society EDUCATION •Moral training and the formation of good republicans •Public Schools & the Lyceum movement •Horace Mann PRISONS & ASYLUMS •People are redeemable; abnormal and criminal activity can be corrected •America’s asylums & prison are abysmal •Dorothea Dix WOMEN’S RIGHTS •A consequence of women’s participation in other reform crusades •Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Seneca Falls, and The Declaration of Rights & Sentiments ABOLITION Directly linked to the revivals, especially Finney’s “Immediatism” . . . slavery is a moral wrong and must end now (with full rights for former slaves) William Lloyd Garrison, The Liberator , and the American Anti-slavery Society European Romanticism...
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