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THE REVOLUTIONARY WAROPENING EVENTSLexington & ConcordBunker Hill, June 1775Occupation of New York & New Jersey, July-November 1776THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, JULY 1776Independence becomes the objectiveThe influence of LockeNatural RightsConsent of governedThe king violated the contractSTRATEGIESBritishIsolate New EnglandIdentify and unify the Loyalist “majority”AmericanGeneral WashingtonOrganize, maintain, and preserve a standing Continental ArmyFight, but avoid “general actions”MilitiasMaintain order in areas outside British controlConvert or silence Loyalist oppositionCRITICAL BATTLESTrenton & Princeton, December 1776Washington’s CrossingRallied American spirits at a desperate timeSaratoga. . . The Turning PointBritish campaign to isolate New EnglandSurprising American victoryFranco-American alliance (1778)The war goes global“the times that try men’s souls”Thomas Paine“The American Crisis”