Southern society

Southern society - Southern society The world of the slaves...

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Southern society - The world of the slaves o Two important institutions Religion and family o Forms of resistance Open rebellion o Forms of resistance Running away o Sabotage o Passive resistance Economy of the old south - Upper south= in transition; plantation slavery in decline - Lower south= “king cotton” o By 1850, American south= ¾ of world’s cotton supply o Growth of cotton kingdom= expansion of slavery Southern justifications for slavery: from a necessary evil to positive good - The scientific argument o Negro= inferior, therefore, slavery= proper/natural status
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- The humanitarian argument o Slaves= “perpetual children”, therefore slavery= form of protection (paternalism) o Southern slavery is better than northern or English industrialization - The biblical argument o Slavery is sanctioned in the bible so it must be okay The road to secession: origins of the American civil war - Preconditions for the civil war o Why did the United States experience a civil war in the mid-19 th century? o What were the long term factors that led to this? Early warnings - The constitutional convention, 1787 o Slavery= a divisive issue… make it a state issue - The Missouri crisis, 1820 o Slavery’s expansion and the federal government’s role - The nullifications crisis, 1829- 1832 o Preservation of southern rights and the secession argument - The gag rule controversy, 1835-1844 o Congressional rule to silence anti-slavery petitions
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o John q. Adams and the first amendment o The extent to which the “slavocracy” would go - The division of major religious denominations,1837-1845 The price of the Mexican war
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Southern society - Southern society The world of the slaves...

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