public policy2

public policy2 - The Search for a Comprehensive Settlement...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Search for a Comprehensive Settlement to the Middle East 1. Presumption that there is some scenario or final settlement on which the contending parties might conceivably agree and that American has an interest in undoing the status quo and forcing Israeli concessions to force a settlement 2. Arab hostility to the West ante dates Israel and Arabs will not refuse to sell oil to the West. (Main foreign sources of petroleum for US are Mexico, Canada, and Venezuela) 3. Basis of presumed settlement is land for peace formula (may be viewed as trading strategic resources for unreliable promises) Assumes Arab grievances center on Palestinian state 4. Arab leaders have turned down specific offers of a Palestinian state on at least four separate occasions: The Peel Commission of 1937, the UN Partition of 1947, the end of the 1967 War rebuffed by the Khartoum declaration, the 1999-2000 Camp David negotiations with Clinton and Barak at Camp David and Taba 5. Arab leaders have been open that their intention is the elimination of Israel and a Judenrein Middle East (including the PLO Charter). Muslim schools (Madrass) teach children their main duty is to kill Jews and Americans whenever and wherever possible. Two weeks after signing the Oslo Accords, Arafat assured his followers he would use any land PS acquired as a base from which to launch a fired assault on Israel 6. Historically, before Jordan, there has never been a Muslim state in Palestine. Ancient Israel fell to Rome in 78. Western Rome collapsed around 460s; Byzantine Empire fell to Ottoman Turks in 1463 which lasted through WWI when it became first a League of Nations Mandate then a UN Mandate. Normally, when you launch and lose an aggressive war, there are territorial consequences. West Bank is not their land; hence, it is not “occupied.” 7. Most Palestinians are recent immigrants to the area. (From Time Immemorial) 8. Indefensible nature of 48 borders and symbolic issue of Jerusalem 9. American interests and continued stalemate Classic Diplomacy Interests naturally conflict. Conflict is normal Pursuit of national interest legitimate goal Balance of power Force cannot be separated from diplomacy Objectives cannot be separated from cost and feasibility
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Interests vary with spheres of influence Middle East continued The Arabs are the first people to lose 4 wars in 50 years and then demand unconditional surrender The security fence has been effective in slowing up the rate of homicide bombing. Since its erection, there has been no successful attack through Judea or Gaza, only through Samaria where fence is not yet up. Fence may cause inconvenience but since Oslo, some 900 Israelis killed by terror. In 2003, 3,838 terrorist attacks on Israel killing 213 (163 civilians) in 2002, 5,301 attacks killing 451 Israelis. In the 39 weeks since Bush’s “roadmap,” there have been 970 attacks or attempted attacks in Israel with 140 Israelis murdered. Mary Robinson, head of UN Human Rights Commission claims bombing
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course POLS 2302 taught by Professor Arwine during the Spring '08 term at Texas Tech.

Page1 / 7

public policy2 - The Search for a Comprehensive Settlement...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online