SQ3R Chapter 14

SQ3R Chapter 14 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 AP European History SQ3R Chapter 14 1 What were some of the signs of disorder Clerical immorality

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Archelle Grajeda Period 7 AP European History October 22, 2006 SQ3R Chapter 14 1. What were some of the signs of disorder? Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical pluralism were disorders which the critics of the church saw. The priests had to perform celibacy. This was an extremely hard item for them to practice and was often found neglected by the priests. The priests were also sometimes found drunken, gambling, or “indulging in fancy dress”. These were all what they saw as items that needed reforming. They also noticed that the standards for ordination were extremely low. They found that even some of the priests could hardly read and write. There was also a form of absenteeism found within the churches. Sometimes higher clerics would have benefices that they needed to attend but instead only collected revenue from the people and hired a poorer priest; he only paid a fraction of the collected revenue to the poor priest also. Overall there were many different disorders that lead to the reformation. 2. What were the signs of vitality? Single individuals and also groups started to work actively for reform. Cardinal Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros went around and encouraged monks and friars to stay strong to their rules and set high standards for the training of the clergy. A group in Holland also started actively participating by helping people in ways like feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, and visiting the sick. This group wanted religion to be a personal experience. They followed “The Imitation of Christ” by Thomas a Kempis. Europeans started basically to devote a huge sum of their time and money to religious causes and foundations. The papacy also showed its concern of reform by the summation of an Ecumenical Council. It literally means “Universal Council”. Bishops and theologians presented their concern for reform there. 3. What were Luther’s early years like? Luther was born in Eisleben in Saxony. His father was a copper miner and a mine owner. He later wound up at the University of Erfurt where he obtained his master’s degree at the young age of 21. While his father had wanted him to have a legal career, Luther decided that he wanted to become a friar. Without telling his father, Luther entered a monastery at the Augustinian friars at Erfurt. Luther finally became a priest in 1507. He also earned a doctorate of theology, an additional study. His doctorate was what allowed him to teach. Luther was a very conscientious friar; he always wanted to be able to meet God’s demands. He fasted, confessed, and performed a religious routine. Martin started to form his own opinions on religion that came to: Faith is the means by which God sends humanity his grace, and it was a gift that could not be earned. 4. What were the Ninety-five theses?
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course EURO 1 taught by Professor None during the Spring '08 term at Puget Sound.

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SQ3R Chapter 14 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 AP European History SQ3R Chapter 14 1 What were some of the signs of disorder Clerical immorality

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