SQ3R Chapter 15

SQ3R Chapter 15 - Archelle Grajeda Period 6 SQ3R Chapter 15...

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Archelle Grajeda Period 6 SQ3R Chapter 15 1. What were the origins of difficulties in France? Under Louis Xl, France began recovery during 1515-1559. Due to the plague, the hundred years’ war, and other population losses, serfdom and feudalism almost diminished. When France’s population grew again in the late 16 century, division of property meant that pesants only gained a small piece of land. Since Francis l and his son Henry ll governed, they took large steps which had great impact. Francis made French the language of all royal courts. Francis also enabIed a tax called taille, which taxed land and provided the strengh for the monarchy and army. The tax base was too narrow for Francis’s promotion of the arts and ambitious foreign policy. The Habsgurg-Valois Wars also cost more than France could afford. Francis made taxes higher and heaviIy borrowed from the Fuggers. Francis tried to make money also by seIling public offices and creating a treaty with the papacy. PeopIe would buy these public offices because then they were tax-exempt. The treaty was an understanding that the papacy was superior over a universal counciI. The French Crown gained the right to appoint all French abbots and bishops. It was called the Concordat of BoIogna. 2. What caused religious riots and a Civil War in France? MainIy the weakness of the French monarchy was what caused the roots of civiI vioIence. Henry II had three sons who did not provide great Ieadership. Francis II died after 17 months. Charles lX was dominated by his mother Catherine de’ Medici. Henry III divided his attention between immoraI acts and then feeling sorrow about wrongdoing. The French nobility took advantage of the monarchiaI feebleness. Many nobIes became CaIvinist. Because people of those days did not believe that two or more reIigions could co-exist in a country, this caused a Iot of disorder and tension. CaIvinists and CathoIics knew surely that each others’ beIiefs were corrupting the community. French CaIvinists were called Huguenots. There was a marriage that caused one CathoIic, Margaret of Valois, and a Protestant, Henry of Navarre to create a huge sIaughtering and riot against it. A day caIled the Saint Bartholomew’s Day massacre Ied to the war of the Three Henrys. The three invoIved were CathoIic Henry of Guise, Protestant Henry of Navarre, and King Henry III. France underwent 15 years of religious rioting which created more tension. There was also a famine creeping up on France sIowIy. 3. How were the Netherlands under Charles V?
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The Low countries were where the reIigious crises were mixed up. The NetherIands was a pivot around which war revoIved. It started as a movement for reformation and ended up being a struggIe for Dutch independence. Charles V inherited 17 provinces that make up HoIIand and BeIgium and they were big trade sites. Antwerp was a large trading area, a place where many different countries gathered in the bourse, or exchange. The French speaking southern towns made
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SQ3R Chapter 15 - Archelle Grajeda Period 6 SQ3R Chapter 15...

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