SQ3R Chapter 16 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 16...

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Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 16 1. Who were Henry IV, Sully, and Richelieu? Henry was often called Henry the Great because during times of famine in France he truly cared about his people. He lowered the peasants’ taxes and compensated by making royal officials pay a fee called a Paulette which guaranteed heredity in their offices. Sully on the other hand combined some taxes on salt and sales… etc. Profits increased due to the revival of trade even though the number of taxes declined. Together they brought a peace to France. After Henry died Marie de Medici reigned for the child Louis XII. She appointed Cardinal Richelieu to the council of ministers. He soon became president of the council and then minister of the French crown. He influenced Louis XIII and lead France to its absolutism. Richelieu cut out potential power brokers from the royal council. He also executed anything and anyone who conspired. His efforts soon brought together a more united France. Keywords: raison d’etat: reason of state, actions if privately committed would be a crime Fronde: refers to people who opposed the government 2. What was the absolute monarchy of Louis XIV? Louis XIV had the longest reign of France’s history and led it to its absolutist ways. Although Louis was not educated in a Renaissance sense, he was well educated in a practical sense. He attended council meetings and studied state papers. Also, as a child the Fronde had impacted him in a way that he distrusted nobility. Louis worked extremely hard to succeed and hold the role of a monarch. Louis ended up cooperating with the nobility because he could not have reached goals without them. Louis won increased military taxation for the Estates of Languedoc. The nobility received access to a lot of dispensable aid. Every year Louis made all the nobility come stay at his royal court in Versailles. It was a symbol of his power and the place soon became one of rational order. He also tried to repress the Huguenots since the government was established as Roman Catholic. This also led to a more unified France. 3. What were financial and economic managements like under Louis XIV? So far Louis had been having a lot of trouble because of taxes. Unlike England where their government had to get Parliament’s consent, France was divided into many estates which made it difficult. Louis could only request local or provincial estates for approval of taxes which made his financial management difficult. Collecting taxes persistently failed to produce enough income. Even farmers had been making more than what the government was making through taxes. Also since nobles did not pay taxes they could no longer have a say in how they were spent. With the middle and upper class being exempt from many taxes they fell upon the lowly peasants who could not afford it.
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