SQ3R Chapter 27

SQ3R Chapter 27 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 27...

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Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 27 1) What was the Bismarckian system of alliances? The Franco-Prussian War was the foundation of the German Empire. France was defeated in 1871 and had to pay up some money and give up Alsace Lorraine. In the ten years before France’s defeat, Bismarck had made Prussia Germany the most powerful nation in Europe. He wanted to keep this by having France be completely without allies. Also Austria Hungary and Russia were threats as well. These two empires had very conflicting ideas and it was feared that Germany might get caught between the two. So Bismarck created a system of alliances to restrain Russia and Austria Hungary and he isolated France as well. To do this he created the Three Emperor’s League. It linked Russia, Germany, and Austria Hungary in an alliance against radical movements. Bismarck’s balancing efforts at the Congress of Berlin in 1878 aggravated Russian nationalists and had to take defense with Austria and against Russia in 1879. Italy who was against France as well joined Germany and Austria in 1882 which created a triple alliance. 2) What were the Rival Blocs? William II of 1890 took over for Bismarck. He did not renew the Russian German Reinsurance Treaty. The ending of foreign affairs created France to become allies with Russia. An agreement between the two countries was reached in 1891. While they were allies the Triple Alliance still existed. Britain was in a sticky situation. It did not know whether to remain isolated or to choose a side. And if Britain had to choose a side which one should it become in an alliance with? Taking France’s side was highly unlikely, but Germany and Britain did not get along so well either. Germany’s decision in 1900 to expand greatly challenged Britain’s naval supremacy. Britain turned to France in the end. Germany was frustrated by this and decided to test the strength of the tenet. The Germans battled in 1905 instead of take Morocco from France that they offered. Birtain and Germany were locked into a love and hate relationship. 3) How did the War outbreak? War in the Balkans was inevitable. Nationalism was destroying the Ottoman Empire in Europe. Greece had long before led the struggle for national liberation when it won its independence in 1832. Bismarck helped to resolve the crisis in 1878 at the Congress of Berlin which worked out the partial division of Turkish possessions in Europe. Austria Hungary and Russia each feared each other’s domination of totally independent states in the area. By 1903 Balkan nationalism was on the rise. Serbia led the way becoming openly hostile toward both Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. To block Serbian expansion and to take advantage of Russia’s weakness after the revolution of 1905, Austria in 1908 formally annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina with their large Serbian, Croatian, and Muslim populations. Then in 1912 the First Balkan war occurred and Serbia joined Greece and Bulgaria to attack the Ottoman Empire. 4) What were reflections on the Origins of War?
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course EURO 1 taught by Professor None during the Spring '08 term at Puget Sound.

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SQ3R Chapter 27 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 27...

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