SQ3R Chapter 23

SQ3R Chapter 23 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 23...

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Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 23 What was the European Balance of Power? The allied powers were mainly concerned with the defeated enemy, France. The allies were satisfied after Napoleon’s resignation. The first peace of Paris gave France its boundaries that it had in 1792. Also France did not have to pay any war reparations. The four allies of the Quadruple Alliance met at the Congress of Vienna and agreed to raise a number of barriers against the French. Belgium and Holland were united under the Dutch monarchy to fight France more effectively. Metternich and Castlereagh thought that the balance of power meant an international agreement or equilibrium of political and military forces which would discourage aggression or domination of Europe by a single state. Great Britain had already won colonies and strategic outposts during the long wars. Austria gave up their territories in Belgium but still greatly expanded in the provinces of Vienna. What was the intervention and Repression? The first action taken was to create the Holy Alliance, which was composed of Prussia, Russia, and Austria. It was formed the September of 1815. Two Sicilies granted liberal constitutions due to the force of the monarchs in Spain. It was first proposed by Alexander I and it soon stood as a symbol of the repression of liberal and revolutionary movements all throughout Europe. In 1820 many revolutionaries succeeded in imposing on the monarchs of Spain. Metternich did not want a revolution to occur, however it was rising. Austrians forced their way into Naples the following year. Afterwards Metternich continued against the liberal political change. His system was outstanding until 1848 especially in Central Europe where his power was the greatest. Also through the German Confederation, Metternich had the Carlsbad Decrees. It required 38 German member states to outlaw subversive ideas in news. How did Metternich and Conservatism relate? Metternich was a bad guy to the progressive and optimistic historians in the 19 th century. He was born into the middle of nobility and was an aristocrat. He had a successful diplomatic career in Austria. Metternich remained loyal to his class. In their view the proper state and society remained traditional. Metternich firmly believed that liberalism was the cause of all the war and suffering. He was a conservative. He blamed the middle class revolutionaries for stirring up the lower classes. Liberals believed that each people and each national group had its own right to establish independent governments. Self determination was not good to Metternich. The Czechs concentrated in Bohemia and Moravia. The multi ethnic culture Metternich served had its pros and cons. It was strong and yet weak at the same time. He had to oppose liberalism because Austria
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SQ3R Chapter 23 - Archelle Grajeda Period 7 SQ3R Chapter 23...

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