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Unformatted text preview: Archelle Grajeda Period 7 April 19, 2007 SQ3R Chapter 28 1) What was modern philosophy? A German philosopher named Friedrich Nietzche was very manipulative. He rejected Christianity and became a professor of classical languages until he fell ill and retired. He went on to question more values. He imagined a dark world, which may have also been caused by insanity in 1889. The death of God left people distressed. He attracted a growing attention in the 20 th century. This idea was apparent in other established thinkers before 1914 as well. Henri Bergson convinced many young people that through his writing they would experience intuition that was as important as rational and scientific thinking for understanding reality. Georges Sorel also characterized Marxian som as an inspiring but unprovable religion rather than a rational scientific truth. The first world war accelerated the revolt against established certainties in philosophy but that revolt took two paths. Logical empiricism rejected most of the concerns of traditional philosophy such as the existence of God, happiness, and hot air. The others looked toward existentialism. It was a group courageous to search for moral values in a time of anxiety. 2) What was the Revival of Christianity? The loss of faith was progressing and led to a Christian view of the world that was renewed. Some theologians felt the need to interpret Christian doctrine and the Bible so that they did not seem to contradict science. So that Christ would seem as the moral teacher instead of a supernatural being. Theologians started to revitalize Christian fundamentals. Some were called Christian existentialists. Soren Kierkegaard and ideas that were very influential. He solved his personal anguish by making a total religious commitment to a remote and majestic God. The Swiss Protestant theologian Karl Barth wrote very influential pieces to revamp religious intensity of the Reformation. He thought that everyone was sinful and imperfect. So people should have to accept Gods word and Jesus Christ with awe, trust, and obedience. They should not reason out God and his ways. Religion became much more relevant and meaningful to thinking people than it had been before the war. 3) What were the New Physics? Since the Scientific Revolution many advancements were made. It influenced the way people thought religiously however. Science seemed to have achieved an unerring and almost complete picture of reality. An important first step toward new physics was the discovery that atoms were not just a single unit but rather they were composed of many even smaller particles. They found that Radium had given off subatomic particles and does not have a constant weight. Plancks discovery was that of matter and energy; they were two different things. Albert Einstein had his famous theory of relaticity postulated and that time and space are relative to the viewpoint of the observer. The speed of light is constant for all frames of reference in the universe. He thought of it like this: a woman moving riding a train that walked forward moved on length of a train whereas if a person standing outside the train saw, she would have moved farther. The whereas if a person standing outside the train saw, she would have moved farther....
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course EURO 1 taught by Professor None during the Spring '08 term at Puget Sound.
- Spring '08