Terms for Exam 1 - Terms for Exam 1 Study Guide...

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Terms for Exam 1: Study Guide Power-political or national strength Authority- the power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine. Unalienable rights- a right according to natural law, a right that cannot be taken away, denied, or transferred Structural-functional perspective- Conflict perspective- Interactionist perspective- Hagelian dialectic- Oligarchy- a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few Aristocracy- a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few Monarchy- supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person. Democracy-government by the people, either directly or indirectly, with free and frequent elections Direct democracy-government in which citizens vote on laws and select officials more directly Representative democracy-government that derives its powers indirectly from the people, who elect those who will govern; also called a republic Anarchy- a state of society without government or law Republic-form of government in which representatives of the people, rather than the people themselves, govern. Compound (federal democratic) republic- Totalitarian regime- Recall referendum- Initiative-procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters Unitary system- Confederal system- Federal system- Sovereignty- supreme and independent power or authority in government as possessed or claimed by a state or community Dual federalism- Horizontal federalism- Cooperative federalism- New federalism- a plan, announced in 1969, to turn over the control of some federal programs to state and local governments and institute block grants, revenue sharing, etc.
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Coercive federalism- Representational federalism- Unitary federalism- Polemicist-argumentative [lawyer] study of controversy [warrior] Opprobrium-something disgraceful Cabals-people who go behind closed doors-conspiratorial group Factious-engaging in strife Emoluments-profit from office-dues, salary Desideratum-something that is desired or essential Pluralism-political system in which power is distributed among multiple groups. Political culture-the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship of citizens to government and to one another. Politics- the science or art of political government Federalism-Constitutional arrangement whereby power is distributed between a central government and sub divisional governments, called states in the United States. The national and the sub divisional governments both exercise direct authority over individuals.
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