CLCS 1102Monday, January 27, 2014Gulliver's Travels
Historical Environment1492: Christopher Columbus arrives in the “new” world1534: We see the split of the English monarchy with the Catholic church 1558 – 1603: Queen Elizabeth I governs England; it is a time of economic expansion and cultural activity; the time of Shakespeare1620:The Mayflowerarrives in today’s Massachusetts1652: Act for the Settlement of Ireland1701 – 1714: War of the Spanish Succession
Historical EnvironmentFrom the sixteenth century onward, European nations begin discovering and colonizing the rest of the world. Applied scienceallows for the projection of power, and the world loses its ‘magical’ properties
Humanism / Renaissance (14th-17th centuries)Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man (1490)
Humanism / Renaissance (14th-17thcenturies)These two words are intertwined in European history“The new Renaissance consciousness of how individuals could fashion themselves through their actions was in part due to the influence of the classics. Humanism, the intellectual movement that championed the return to the culture of Greece and Rome as a way to renew Europe, sought civic and moral guidance as well as aesthetic inspiration in the ancient texts. As the modern European rulers took on cadres of secretaries, ambassadors, and advisors, humanist pedagogy made education a road to power and privilege as never before” (Norton, Vol. C, p. 130).
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)Member of the Protestant middle class in Ireland.Noted satirist, poet, and essayist.Was Dean of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin from 1713 to 1745.
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)“Jonathan Swift was such a thorough going satiristthat his definition of the genre was itself satirical. "Satire," he wrote, 'is a sort of glass wherein beholders do generally discover every body's face but their own; which is the chief reason for that kind reception it meets with in the world, and that so very few are offended with it.'” (p. 265)“He befriended Alexander Popeand other writers of the day, who together formed a club of satirists called the Scriblerians.” (p. 265)
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)The coffee houses: shifting powers“Swift was a great coffee drinker, and this small fact points to a turning point in the history of English literature. In the late seventeenth century, English literary life began to shift away from its old status as a courtly culture, centered on the