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Unformatted text preview: Environmental Policy - Themes: • Overview of U.S. Policy Process Statutory Law Case Law Administrative Law • Developing Environmental Policy Policy Cycle Major Environmental Laws • Future Problems & Political Solutions Anti-enviromental Forces Wicked Problems & Dispute Resolution Local Collective Action —> Global Treaties I. Environmental laws involve interactions among the 3 branches of government a) Statutory Law - Formal documents enacted by legislative branch declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something b) Administrative Law - Executive orders, administrative rules and regulations, and enforcement decisions regarding statutes c) Case Law - Derived from court decisions in both civil and criminal cases a) Statutory Law: The Legislative Branch • Federal laws (statutes) are enacted by Congress and must be signed by the President • Example: National Environ. Policy Act (1970) Cornerstone of U.S. environmental policy and law Authorizes CEQ (Council on Environ. Quality)- Directs federal agencies to take environmental consequences into account during decision making Requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for every federal project having significant environmental impact Negative Aspects:- Language is often amended, multiple bills may be combined, and the final bill may not resemble initial goals / intentions- Money is source of Power & Access (lobbying)- Revolving Doors (Businessmen —> Legislator —> Back to Business)- Legislative Riders - amendments tacked on to unrelated legislation that creates or prohibits certain activities- President can veto items that require federal funds (or declare parts unconstitutional!) b) Administrative Law: The Executive Branch • More than 100 federal agencies have environ. oversight Federal agencies often delegate power to a matching state agency to decentralize authority • Key Regulatory Agencies EPA - Primary agency with responsibility for protecting environmental quality...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course BIOL 102 taught by Professor Kemp during the Fall '06 term at San Diego.
- Fall '06