2. What is Enlightenment Diderot The Encyclopedia - What is the Enlightenment Diderot The Encyclopdie CLCS 1102 Wednesday What is the Enlightenment

2. What is Enlightenment Diderot The Encyclopedia - What is...

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CLCS 1102 Wednesday, January 29, 2014 What is the Enlightenment? Diderot, The Encyclopédie
What is the Enlightenment? Critical thinking “Critical thinking is a legacy of the Enlightenment. According to the great eighteenth-century French Encyclopédie, the enlightened person is one who 'dares to think for himself ... trampling on prejudice, tradition, conventional wisdom, authority, in a word, all that enslaves most minds'.” (p. 101)
Humanism / Renaissance (14 th -17 th centuries) Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man (1490)
The Dark Ages? Middle Ages: 5 th -15 th centuries (476, fall of the Roman Empire - 1453, fall of Constantinople) 10 th -12 th centuries: “golden period” for the Middle Ages 12 th century (Renaissance) Innovations in multiple fields: - Architecture (Roman and Gothic arts) - Literature (novels and poems) - The University - Urbanism - A certain idea of “love”
The Dark Ages Middle Ages: 5 th -15 th centuries (476, fall of the Roman Empire - 1453, fall of Constantinople) 10 th -12 th centuries: “golden period” for the Middle Ages 12 th century (Renaissance) 14 th century: The Black Plague killed around 30-50 percent of the European population, who died between 1347 and 1352 (25 million) 14 th - 15 th centuries (the Hundred Years' War)
What is the Enlightenment? What does it mean to be human? “Enlightenment thinkers typically distinguished humans by the particular faculty of reason : unlike animals, they argued, humans had the capacity to think through relationships between objects or events” (p. 101)
What is the Enlightenment? Another Worldview “Aufklärung in Germany, Illuminismo in Italy, Enlightenment in England: the thought of the Enlightenment is at the origins of European consciousness. The Europe of the Enlightenment was both a single and a multiple space in which ideas circulated freely”. ( )
What is the Enlightenment? Another Worldview Several concepts could illustrate this “passage from obscurantism to free thought and free actions illuminated by reason”: ( ) Religion Science The individual Public space The political order Universality
What is the Enlightenment?

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