Comm103 s07 FinalReviewSheet2

Comm103 s07 FinalReviewSheet2 - Study Guide for Chapter 4...

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Study Guide for Chapter 4 1. Know the definition of language- verbal symbol system that allows us to take messages and utterances in the form of words, translated into meaning. 2. Know what a symbol- sign, word or used to define a person, idea, or object Reference- thoughts about an object Referent- thing to which a symbol refers to 3. Understand the difference between signifier and signified and how each is different from symbol and referent (hint: signifier and signified implies an entire symbol system) -Signifer word or symbol that we associate w/an object or phenomenon -Signified object or phenomenon that is represented by a word or symbol 4. Know the following terms, concepts, and theories: a. Connotative meaning- personal associations, people make for a symbol and depending on the web of relationships among signifies b. Denotative meaning- dictionary definition of words c. Constitutive rules-used to help sort out what certain words or phrases mean d. Regulative rules- used to determine what should be said next e. Grice’s Cooperative Principles - Quantity (dude, TMI!); Quality (an assumption of telling the truth); Relation; Manner (avoiding vagueness and ambiguity) f. Muted Group Theory*- Men and women have different experiences rooted in the division of labor ( i.e. women have to put their experiences in a male-oriented system of public expression) g. Speech Code Theory* - A system of socially constructed symbols and meanings, premises, and rules. h. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis- Theory that language determines what we see in the world and how we think i. Social Constructionism- theory that language creates our perceptions of reality and the mode of our relational interactions j. Hayakawa’s Ladder of Abstraction- he placed the most concrete words on the lower rungs and arranged words on higher rungs as they increased in abstraction k. Indexing- uses language that places an issue, event or person in a specific time or context l. You-Messages- statements that labels another person and involves some evaluation of the persons behavior -and I-Messages- labels speakers own behavior 5. Understand the gender-as-culture perspective on language -language shapes the way girls and boys perceive themselves as they are socialized into a feminine or masculine culture. 6. Know what a language community is and how it might be a challenge to competence language used -Language communities- group of people who have developed a common set of constitutive and regulative rules which guide the meaning of words and appropriate reactions to them. - Ethnocentric communicators- recognized as valid only their own meanings for words and reject alternative meanings as wrong Not in textbook, only in lecture
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a. Know the following examples of language communities: i. Teamsters*~ a member of the Teamsters Union, including truck drivers, chauffeurs, and warehouse workers. ii.
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2008 for the course COMM 103 taught by Professor Klindeman during the Spring '07 term at San Diego State.

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Comm103 s07 FinalReviewSheet2 - Study Guide for Chapter 4...

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