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KIN 315 Fall 2014 Motor Learning Second Exam Multiple Choice Answer Key 1. Which of the following was not a theory discussed in chapter 9 of how attention affects motor performance? Dual task theories 2. The action effect hypothesis suggests optimal performance results from external focus of attention. 3. Studies comparing experts and novices in motor skill performance show that experts focus only on certain aspects of the visual cues. 4. In addition to serving as a temporary storage system, working memory also serves as a temporary workspace. 5. If you are asked to demonstrate how you tie your shoes, you would base your demonstration on knowledge stored in long-term memory in the procedural memory system. 6. In a memory experiment, when informationnotto be recalled is presented afterinformation to be recalled, the experiment is designed to test the effect of retroactive interference. 7. The process of directing visual attention to locate relevant environmental context cues is known as visual search. 8. In Kahneman’s model of attention, the instruction to “Watch the ball all the way from the pitcher’s hand until it meets the bat” is an example of which allocation policy factor? Momentary intentions 9. When the context characteristics of the presentation and recall conditions in a memory test are considered, memory performance will be better the more similar the two contexts. 10. Attention focused on one’s own movements typically leads to better skill performance than attention focused on the intended outcome of the skill. False 11. An important distinction between the terms performance and learning is that learning is relatively permanent but performance is temporary.