106L16__Notes

106L16__Notes - Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 16 The...

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•1 Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 16: The Neuroscience of Learning & Memory Reading Assignment: Bear et al., Ch. 24 & Ch. 25(pp.762-765) CBNS 106 2 Introduction • Neurobiology of memory – Identifying where and how different types of information are stored • Hypothesis by Donald Hebb – Memory results from synaptic alterations • Relationship between visual development and learning – Similar mechanisms in different cortical areas • Memories range from stated facts to ingrained motor patterns • Anatomy: Several memory systems – Evident from brain lesions
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•2 CBNS 106 3 Learning & Memory • Learning – Acquisition of new information • Memory – Retention of learned information • The way information is stored may change over time • Declarative memory (explicit) – Facts and events • Nondeclarative memory (implicit) – Procedural memory- skills, habits, behaviors CBNS 106 4 Multiple brain systems for memory storage • Learning – Acquisition of new information • Memory – Retention of learned information • The way information is stored may change over time • Declarative memory (explicit) – Facts and events • Nondeclarative memory (implicit) – Procedural memory- skills, habits, behaviors
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•3 CBNS 106 5 Procedural Learning • Nonassociative Learning – Habituation • Learning to ignore stimulus that lacks meaning – Sensitization • Learning to intensify response to stimuli CBNS 106 6 Procedural Learning • Nonassociative Learning – Habituation • Learning to ignore stimulus that lacks meaning – Sensitization • Learning to intensify response to stimuli
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•4 CBNS 106 7 Procedural Learning • Associative Learning
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106L16__Notes - Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 16 The...

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