106L18_Notes - 1 Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 18:...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 18: Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders Reading Assignment:-iLearn CBNS 106 2 Introduction Neurology Branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders Neurological disorders Help illustrate the role of physiological processes in normal brain function Examples: spinal cord injuries, neurodegenerative diseases (PD, AD etc) 2 CBNS 106 3 Introduction Psychiatry Branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the mind or psyche In Greek mythology, Psyche was personification of human soul Psychiatric disorders Examples: Anxiety disorders, affective disorders, schizophrenia CBNS 106 4 Mental Illness and the Brain Human behavior Product of brain activity Brain Product of two mutually interacting factors: genes and environment 3 CBNS 106 5 Mental Illness and the Brain Mental illness Diagnosable disorder of thought, memory, mood, or behavior that causes distress or impaired functioning Earlier belief Disorders of the body Disorders of the mind CBNS 106 6 Mental Illness and the Brain Psychosocial Approaches to Mental Illness Freuds theory: Mental illness- Unconscious and conscious elements of psyche come into conflict Skinner: Many behaviors are learned responses to the environment Maladaptive behavior 4 CBNS 106 7 Mental Illness and the Brain Biological Approaches to Mental Illness General paresis of the insane Symptoms: Mania, cognitive deterioration...
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106L18_Notes - 1 Introduction to Neuroscience Lecture 18:...

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