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PSCI 314 Midterm Study Guide.docx - 1. According to John...

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1.According to John Locke, what is political power and where does it come from?
Does political power exist by nature?
Are there types of power/rule which exist by nature?
Two fundamental qualities of man in his natural state – Equality & FreedomNatural human equality and freedom > which leads to certain rightsFreedom: A state of perfect freedom is when men are bynature free because they are equal. There is NO naturalruler.To understand political power aright, and derive it from its original, we must considerwhat estate all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order theiractions, and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within thebounds of the law of Nature, without asking leave or depending upon the will of anyother man.Equality: Each human being share the samecharacteristics with every other human (they share thesame status by nature). They share the same status inNature. Humans are the in between beings:oGod = Perfect ReasonoMan = Imperfect ReasonoBeast = No ReasonoNO distinet difference between them (No Marks)A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no onehaving more than another, there being nothing more evident than that creatures of thesame species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of Nature, and

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Term
Fall
Professor
Millican,E
Tags
John Locke, United States Declaration of Independence, The Declaration of Independence,

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