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PSCI 306 - Final Study Guide 2.docx - Mid-Term Study Guide...

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Mid-Term Study Guide Part 2:Answers to Quizzes #4-6Final Exam Essay QuestionThe first part of the course painted a general picture of the history andcontemporary issues facing “Latin America” as a region. The secondpart explored the history and contemporary issues facing four majorLatin American countries – Mexico, Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela.Selecttwo of these four countriesand contrast to what extent they areor are not “typical” Latin American countries. Compare and contrastyour two countries on at leastfourpolitical, economic or social criteria.
Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly or AsambleaNacional (165 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-yearterms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples of Venezuela).Judicial Branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Suprema deJusticia. Magistrates are elected by the National assembly for a single12-year term.Electoral Branch: National Electoral Council or Consejo ElectoralNacional (CNE) administers all elections, including those held withincivil society. Its five principal members are elected by the NationalAssembly for a seven-year term. The current president of the CNE isTibisay Lucena.Citizen Branch: This branch ensures that citizens and governmentofficials follow the countries laws. It consists of the Attorney General (orProsecutor General), the Comptroller General, and the Defender of thePeople (Human Rights Ombudsperson).Major Political Parties:There are currently two major blocs of political parties in Venezuela: theincumbent leftist bloc United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), itsmajor allies Fatherland for All (PPT) and the Communist Party ofVenezuela (PCV), and the opposition bloc grouped into the electoralcoalition Mesa de la Unidad Democrática. This includes A New Era(UNT) together with allied parties Project Venezuela, Justice First,Movement for Socialism (MAS) and others. Hugo Chávez, the central
figure of the Venezuelan political landscape since his election to thePresidency in 1998 as a political outsider, died in office in early 2013,and was succeeded by Nicolás Maduro (initially as interim President,before narrowly winning the Venezuelan presidential election, 2013).

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Term
Fall
Professor
Millican,E
Tags
Hugo Chavez

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