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PSCI 314: Mid-Term Study Guide #11.According to John Locke what is political power and where does it comefrom?
The State of Nature: a moral order that men can apprehend using theirreasonDoes political power exist by nature?
Foundation: Right vs. AbilityAre there any types of power or rule which exist by nature? Explain.Two fundamental qualities of man in his natural state – Equality & FreedomNatural human equality and freedom > which leads to certain rightsFreedom: A state of perfect freedom is when men are by nature freebecause they are equal. There is NO natural ruler.To understand political power aright, and derive it from its original, we must considerwhat estate all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order theiractions, and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within thebounds of the law of Nature, without asking leave or depending upon the will of anyother man.Equality: Each human being share the same characteristics with everyother human (they share the same status by nature). They share the samestatus in Nature. Humans are the in between beings:oGod = Perfect ReasonoMan = Imperfect ReasonoBeast = No ReasonoNO distinet difference between them (No Marks)A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no onehaving more than another, there being nothing more evident than that creatures of thesame species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of Nature, andthe use of the same faculties, should also be equal one amongst another, withoutsubordination or subjection, unless the lord and master of them all should, by anymanifest declaration of his will, set one above another, and confer on him, by an evidentand clear appointment, an undoubted right to dominion and sovereignty.
Locke explains the state of nature as a state of equality in which no one has power over

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Term
Fall
Professor
Millican,E
Tags
John Locke, Test, United States Declaration of Independence, Notes on the State of Virginia, The Declaration of Independence,

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