Critique Gibbs-Gambrill - The Logic of "Evidence-Based...

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The Logic of “Evidence-Based Practice: Counterarguments to Objections” Leonard Gibbs and Eileen Gambrill write “Counterarguments to Objections” to advocate and defend the use of evidence-based practice in social work and, because the term has been used loosely and sometimes incorrectly (457), to clarify its definition. Their primary concern in this article is to answer three inferred questions. First, (1) Is evidence-based practice an effective form of practice for social work? If yes, then (2) Is it as good as or better than other forms of social work practice? ; if yes, then (3) how and why is it as good as or better? They believe that the answer to each of these questions is “yes” and that evidence-based practice is, in fact, better than other practice methods. Put simply, the latter two questions are an effort to convince current practitioners, educators, etc., that they should learn and begin using evidence-based practice, even if its method is more tedious and time-consuming. Gibbs and Gambrill first explain what evidence-based practice is at its core, then show what it looks like in its implementation. In short, they write that it is the “conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of clients” (452). Perhaps the most important information in the article is their list of five key steps in implementing evidence-based practice. Namely, (1) the practitioner must, in conjunction with the client, “convert information needs into answerable questions” (453). (2) S/he must then find the best possible relevant information and (3) reduce the findings into their most useful parts through “critical appraisal” (454). (4) The practitioner must then decide what evidence can most effectively apply to the situation at hand, apply the best possible intervention and (5) evaluate the outcome. In answer to the second and third inferred questions, i.e.
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Critique Gibbs-Gambrill - The Logic of "Evidence-Based...

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