students_intro_to_public_health

students_intro_to_public_health - Introduction to Public...

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Introduction to Public Health SPH 201 Dwight C. Williams, M.S.W., Clinical Associate Professor – Director, Northeast Regional Public Health Leadership Institute Fathima Farheen, Teaching Assistant School of Public Health University at Albany
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Chapter 1 Public Health: Science, Politics, and Prevention
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What is Public Health? The fulfillment of society’s interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy. Organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health.
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Public Health in the News AIDS Epidemic Cryptosporidium in Milwaukee Russia The Verb Change Global Warming Public Health and Emergency Preparedness
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Responsibilities Of Public Health Prevent Epidemics/Spread of Disease Protect Against Environmental Hazards Prevent Injuries Promote/Encourage Health Behaviors Assure Quality/Access to Health Services Respond to Disasters/Assist Communities in Recovery
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Public Health is Leadership
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Core Functions of Public Health Assessment Policy Development Assurance
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Ten Essential Public Health Services Monitor Health Status Diagnose/Investigate Hazards; Problems Inform, Educate & Empower Mobilize Community Develop Policies & Plans Enforce Laws & Regulations Link People to Resources Assure a Competent Workforce Evaluate: Access & Outcomes Research New Ideas
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Public Health is Global 57 Asians 21 Europeans 14 North and South Americans 8 Africans 52 Female/48 Males 70 Non-White 30 White 70 Non-Christian 30 Christian 59% Wealth 6 People - USA 80 Substandard Housing 50 Malnutrition 1 Die - 1 Near Birth 1 College Education 1 Computer
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Social Justice
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SOCIAL JUSTICE EBONY January 2008
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Public Health vs. Medical Care In medicine the patient is the individual; in public health, the patient is the community Public health diagnoses the health of the community using public health sciences Treatment of the community involves new policies and interventions Goal of medicine is cure; goal of public health is prevention of disease and disability
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C. EVERETT KOOP Surgeon General 1982 – 1989 Abortion Tobacco AIDS “Some people use health care some of the time, but all people use public health all of the time.”
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Public Health: Science and Politics Science is how we understand threats to health, determine what interventions might work, and evaluate whether the interventions worked Politics is how we as a society make decisions about what policies to implement
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Public Mistrust
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Public Health Disciplines Epidemiology Statistics Biomedical Sciences Environmental Health Science Social and Behavioral Sciences Health Policy and Management
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The basic science of public health The study of epidemics Aims to control spread of infectious diseases Seeks causes of chronic disease and ways to limit harmful exposures. Core Function = Assessment and
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course HSPH 201 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Albany.

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students_intro_to_public_health - Introduction to Public...

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