gorb reforms study guide

gorb reforms study guide - Gorbachev's campaigns for...

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Gorbachev’s campaigns for glastnost and perestroika Perestroika—a total restructuring of the economy, which would restore the Soviet Union to world prominence or improve living conditions of its citizens o Such a restructuring necessarily involved relinquishing much of the party state’s economic power to market and promoting private ownership, individual initiative, and decentralized decision making Much of Perestroika never made it into statute books, but by 1980s the leadership had taken 5 broad initiatives o Proposing a law on state enterprises to introduce market mechanisms into the parts of the economy that would remain under state ownership o Passing the Law on Cooperatives authorizing the exsistence of some small, privately owned companies, mostly in the service industries o Initiating agriculture reforms that would eventually allow farmers to lease, if not own their land o Introducing price reforms so that people paid market values for goods and services o Easing restrictions on joint ventures with foreign firms When Gorbachev took office there was rapidly deteriorating economy, need to do something, perestroika was the answer o Soviet factories old, less productive because workers didn’t care o Service industry in shambles, people need something, go to black market o Massive state and collective farms were poorly run, 1/3 harvest was spoiled or lost o Peculiar nature of Soviet currency and countrys secret foreign trade laws kept ussr from participating in international economy Glasnost—the first of the reforms which sought to solve Gorbachev and his colleagues understanding for need of change in the country’s political culture. o A country that would be more innovative and take more risks economically would have to start by creating a culture that stresses similar values o Term is derived from the Russian word for voice and is translated as “openness” o Made it to political stage in 1986 after Chernobyl power plant disaster. After a couple days of typical soviet secrecy, the gov’t began making everything about the incident public and from then on, the system opened up dramatically Censors stopped reviewing most work before they were published Heavy-handed control over mass media was lifted Press/airwaves filled with material critical of past, and current leadership o Glasnost did not create the kind of tolerant, western-style political culture
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course POLS 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Holy Cross (MA).

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gorb reforms study guide - Gorbachev's campaigns for...

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