Lecture 8 - Work and Achievement.Handouts - Work and Achievement Work What is work What does it mean to work Invisible work housework meeting emotional

Lecture 8 - Work and Achievement.Handouts - Work and...

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1 Work and Achievement Work What is “work”? What does it mean to “work”? Invisible work – housework, meeting emotional needs, enhancing status Division based on gender roles Women often take on the second shift (Hochschild) Work: Gender Issues Sex segregation Horizontal – tendency for men and women to hold different jobs Vertical – tendency for women to be clustered at the bottom of the hierarchy within occupations
2 Work: Gender Issues Horizontal segregation 98% secretaries; 93% nurses; 84% elementary school teachers 99% auto mechanics; 90+% engineers; 70% computer scientists Sales – appliances, computers, cars v. clothing Food service – waiters/chefs in fine dining v. fast food and diners “Pink collar employment” Low status, wages, job security and opportunities for advancement Work: Gender Issues Vertical segregation Health care Nurses, social workers, lab techs, aids Physicians and hospital administrators 92% of top executives in UK male 95% in the US “Glass ceiling” effect 71% women VPs agree 73% male CEOs disagree Work: Gender Issues “Glass cliff” Women appointed to leadership positions in companies are more likely to be appointed following a period of financial decline Grad students law students and high school students were more Grad students, law students and high school students were more likely to select a female to fill a precarious position than a male (Ryan & Haslam, 2005)
3 Work: Gender Issues What characteristics are valued?

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