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Study Guide for Third Exam-SP08

Study Guide for Third Exam-SP08 - RELIGION 1310 THE...

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RELIGION 1310: THE CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES Study Guide for the Third Review Exam Spring 2008 Be ready to write all 27 New Testament books in their canonical order Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Romans 1 & 2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 & 2 Thessalonians 1 & 2 Timothy Titus Philemon Hebrews James 1 & 2 Peter 1, 2, & 3 John Jude Revelation Jewish History Between the Testaments Judea under Alexander the Great Ptolemies of Egypt 323-200 BC Peace and relative autonomy Permission to live according to their ancestral laws Seleucids of Syria 200-160 BC Permission to live according to their ancestral laws No pressure towards Hellenization Development of a pro-Hellenistic fraction among the Jews Under the rule of Antiochus Epiphanes IV Tension between moderate Hellenizers and radical Hellenizers Edict of Antiochus Epiphanes 167 BC Prohibits keeping the Jewish Law Commands the Hellenistic type of life (eating pork, making pagan sacrifices) Beginning of the Maccabean Revolt Incident at Modein – Mattathias and his 5 sons Hasidim – pious Jews who resisted Hellenization and fought for religious freedom 166-160 BC the revolt was led by Judas, whose nickname was Maccabeus ("hammer"): religious freedom Rededication of the Temple + Hanukkah 164 BC – Rededication of the Temple Still celebrated today as Hanukkah (Feast of Dedication) Hasmonean Period (160-63 BC) Jonathan Maccabeus (160-143 BC) In 152 BC became strategos (military governor) and priest Simon Maccabeus (142-134 BC) political freedom In 143 BC became a king John Hyrcanus (134-104 BC) Aristobulus (104-103 BC) Alexander Jannaeus (103 – 76 BC) Salome Alexandra (Alexander's widow) (76-67 BC) 1
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Struggle between her sons Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II 63 BC – Conquest of Judea by Pompey – Roman dominance of Palestine begins Herod the Great 37 – 4 BC Cruel, but politically clever leader Marriage of Herod and Mariamme (Hasmoneans and Idumeans) Built the Fortress at Masada, the port of Caesarea, various buildings in Samaria and Judea, Began the rebuilding of the Temple (20 BC – AD 63) By the end of his reign, Jesus was born Division of his Kingdom Archelaus (4 BC – AD 6) o Samaria and Judea o From AD 6 on Judea was under the direct rule of Roman prefects Herod Antipas (4 BC – AD 39) o Galilee and Perea Philip (4 BC – AD 34) o North of the Lake of Galilee From AD 41 – 44: Agrippa I From AD 44 – 66 all regions were under Roman procurators The first Jewish War against Rome Described by Flavius Josephus in his book The Jewish War Roman forces were led by Vespasian, who became the Roman emperor in AD 69, and his son Titus AD 70: Fall of Jerusalem and burning of the Temple AD 74: Fall of Masada Dates to Know 332 BC : End of Persian dominance, beginning of rule of Alexander the Great 323 BC : End of rule of Alexander the Great, beginning of rule under Ptolemies 167 BC : Edict of Antiochus Epiphanes, desecration of Temple by Apolloinus 164 BC
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