paper 2x - Paper 2 The Role of Charity in Judaism,...

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The Role of Charity in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are viewed as three of the major religions of the world. All three religions have teachings based on the role of charity and caring for the poor in the relationship between God, the community, and each individual. Judaism is based on strict unitarian monotheism. One God exists, and it is possible to have a personal relationship with Him through prayer. The main text is the Torah, which consists of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, as well as the teaching of the prophets. The focus of all teachings of Judaism is the importance of God and the Jewish community. Therefore, all that one says, does, and acquires must be done with respect to God and the community. Tamari writes, “Indeed there is a recognition that those who have enjoyed the bounty of the earth, perhaps through exercising their God given talents, have a duty to help the poor and needy”. 1 It is the responsibility of the community to care for those who cannot provide for themselves. There are no Jewish teachings condemning the pursuit or accumulation of wealth, as long as it is done justly within the laws and traditions of the Jewish faith. However, because all wealth belongs to God, it is the earthly owner’s responsibility to use it for God’s Will. Land must be appropriately cared for and the land of other Jews must be properly respected. 1
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course CAPS 407-04 taught by Professor Krohn during the Spring '07 term at Bucknell.

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paper 2x - Paper 2 The Role of Charity in Judaism,...

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