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Assignment 5 - They must “live in concord and harmony pay...

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Assignment #5 The elements of the Noble Eightfold Path are Right Views, Right Thoughts, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration. These elements address the need for one to have the right beliefs, renounce desires and passions, always speak the truth, adhere to the Precepts, ensure proper occupations and lifestyles, further develop good thoughts and actions, cultivate constant awareness, and develop an advanced, concentrative mind through meditation. Before setting upon the Noble Eightfold Path to Enlightenment, it is necessary for one to not do any evil, to cultivate good, and to purify the mind, as well as to have the right motivation. The two groups in a Buddhist society are the monastic ( sangha) and lay groups, and each has particular responsibilities. A monk is a spiritual leader in the community, responsible for maintaining the dhamma, or the natural law, for the community.
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Unformatted text preview: They must “live in concord and harmony, pay respect according to seniority in the sangha , divide all gains and acquisitions equally among the members, and decide all legal cases justly” (Rajavaramuni 32). A monk is dependent on the laity for food and material necessities, making daily interaction between the two groups necessary. For the laity, no special collection of instructions exists as it does for the monastic community; however, the Five Precepts are accepted as basic moral rules, including rules against killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, false speech, and taking intoxicants (Rajavaramuni 34). There is particular emphasis in Buddhist teachings on friendship and association. The monastic and lay groups in society are both expected to keep good relationships with others and between the two groups to ensure social harmony and spiritual encouragement....
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