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FINAL EXAM FOR COMM 1310 Chapter 11 1. Be able to identify the eight steps involved in the audience-centered model of the public speaking process: 1. Selecting and narrowing a topic 2. Identifying purpose 3. Developing a central idea 4. Generating main ideas 5. Gathering supporting material 6. Organizing your speech 7. Rehearsing your speech 8. Delivering your speech . (283) 2. Be able to explain the significance of being an audience-centered public speaker. (284) -Public speaking (presentational speaking )- A teachable, learnable process of developing, supporting, organizing, and presenting ideas orally. -Audience-centered presentational speaker - Someone who considers and adapts to the audience at every stage of the presentational speaking process. 3. Be able to explain how each of the following methods help speakers manage their anxiety: knowing how to develop a presentation, being prepared, focusing on your audience, focusing on your message, giving yourself a mental pep talk, using deep-breathing techniques, seeking opportunities to speak, and seeking professional help. (285-287) -Knowing how to develop a presentation -Public speaking instruction decreases students’ perception of their own speaker anxiety. (just knowing what you need to do to develop a presentation. -Be Prepared -includes selecting an appropriate topic, researching that topic thoroughly, organizing your ideas logically, and rehearsing your presentation. -Focus on you audience -Principle of being audience-centered is key to reducing speaker anxiety. (The more you know about your audience the more comfortable you will feel delivering the presentation) -Focus on the message -Before you present, think about what you are going to say. (Mentally review your main ideas. Habituation -the process of becoming more comfortable when you speak. -Give yourself a mental pep talk -don’t dwell on how worried you are, make a conscious effort to think positively. “I know I can do this” -Use Deep-Breathing Techniques - Take a few slow, deep breaths before you go to speak. -Take the advantage of Opportunities to Speak -The more experience the more comfortable you will feel. -Seek professional help - Systematic desensitization -an anxiety management strategy that includes general relaxation techniques and visualization of success. Performance visualization -an anxiety management strategy that involves viewing a videotape of a successful presentation and imaging oneself delivering that presentation.
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4. Be able to identify examples that reflect the following guidelines for selecting and narrowing a speech topic: considering the audience, occasion, and personal interests and experiences. (287-288) -Considering the audience : “actionable intelligence”-information that you can use as you select your topic. Ex: College students are likely to be interested in topics such as college loans and the job market. Older adults might like topics on prescription drugs. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course COMM 1310 taught by Professor Mottet during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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