Plato 2 - Philosophy 104 sec 02-12 Lecture 1 January 23,...

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Philosophy 104 sec 02-12 Lecture 1 January 23, 2008 page 1 The course has 4 parts: 1) Plato (died 347 BC) Gorgias 2) 5 lectures on ethical theory 3) Robert Axelrod The Evolution of Cooperation 4) social/political theory a) John Locke Second Treatise on Government (1690’s) b) John Stuart Mill On Liberty (1860’s)
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Philosophy 104 sec 02-12 Lecture 1 January 23, 2008 page 2 Outline: I Valid, Strong and Good Arguments II Premises III Kinds of Arguments A) Deductive B) Other: Inductive, Empirical, Probabilistic
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Philosophy 104 sec 02-12 Lecture 1 January 23, 2008 page 3 I Valid, Strong, Good Arguments example:A) Most students are <40. B) All women have children. Wheeler is > 40. Celeste is a woman. _________________ ________________ Wheeler is not a student Celeste has children. Argument is VALID = IT IS NECESSARY FOR THE CONCLUSION TO BE TRUE IF THE PREMISES ARE TRUE Argument is STRONG = IT IS LIKELY THAT THE CONCLUSION IS TRUE, IF THE PREMISES ARE TRUE VALIDITY = MAXIMUM DEGREE OF STRENGTH An argument is SOUND or GOOD if
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PHIL 104 taught by Professor Bontly during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Plato 2 - Philosophy 104 sec 02-12 Lecture 1 January 23,...

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