Earthquakes in California - Earthquakes in California...

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Location!The Pacific Plate and the North American Plate meet right below California, therefore there are many faultsThe boundary area between these two plates is the San Andreas faultsWhy are there so many earthquakes in California?
The Great 1906 EarthquakeTook place on April 18, 1906Famed as one of the most notable earthquakes of all timeRuptured the northern 296 miles of the San Andreas Fault from northwest of San Juan Bautista, to the triple junction at Cape Mendocino Epicenter near San FranciscoLasted 45-60 secondsFelt from Southern Oregon to Southern Los Angeles, and as far inland as Nevada
Magnitude: Believed to be between 7.7 and 8.3scientists often disagree on the magnitude of earthquakes in the past due to poor data quality or the data being collected in the wrong place Seismograph of 1906 Rupture:
1906 Rupture---->296 MILES!
Damage and DestructionEstimated $20 Million in downtown construction damage in San FranciscoEstimated $4 Million in construction damage outside of San FranciscoEstimated property damage between $235 and 500 million (1906 value of a dollar) Destroyed water pipes, transportation facilities, railways, streets, etcLeft 200,000 people without homes and 3,000 people dead
Damage
Fire Fires broke out in San Francisco, a few hours after the earthquakeBurned for 3 days, 3 nightsReached temperatures of 2,700 degrees, Fahrenheit The fires were way more destructive than the earthquake itself
Mitigation Efforts The navy ran water lines in the cityReceived approximately $9 Million in reliefAttempted to relocate Chinatown to make use of its valuable real estateTwo largest refugee camps at The Presidio and Golden Gate Park, there were 21 othersRelief cottages were availableł
Scientific Knowledge GainedAll scientists in California started observing the earthquake and studying its’ effectsThe first government-commissioned

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Term
Fall
Professor
LarryRuff
Tags
San Andreas Fault, 1906 San Francisco earthquake

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